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NKMAA - Korean Words and Terminology

This is a list of basic Korean Commands used in many traditional schools. Dialect and spelling may vary.

Belts & Titles Numbers Bowing
Body Parts Historical Terms Korean Martial Art Types
Commands Stances Terminology & General Terms

Belts and Titles
Chief Master Chong Kwan Jang Nim Eight Degree Black Belt
Master Instructor Kwan Jang Nim Fifth - Seventh Degree Black Belt
Fourth Degree Instructor Sabum Nim Assistant Master
Third Degree Instructor Pu Sabum Nim Senior Instructor
Second Degree Instructor Kyo Sa Nim Second Degree Black Belt
First Degree Assistant Jo Kyo Nim First Degree Black Belt
Black Belt Yu Dahn Jah Black Belt (without considering rank)
Black Belt in Training Dahn Bo Nim Half Black/Half Brown
Martial Art Student Jea Ja
Brown Belt Ja Di
Red Belt Hong Di
Blue Belt Chuhng Di
Green Belt Choo Rock Di
Orange Belt Chu Hwang Di
Yellow Belt Noh Rahng Di
White Belt Hin Di
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Numbers
Hana One Yul Hana Eleven
Dul Two Yul Dul Twelve
Set Three Yul Set Thirteen
Net Four Yul Net Fourteen
Dasut Five Yul Dasut Fifteen
Yasut Six Yul Yasut Sixteen
Ilgop Seven Yul Ilgop Seventeen
Yuldul Eight Yul Yuldul Eighteen
Ahop Nine Yul Ahop Nineteen
Yul Ten Seu-Mool Twenty
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Bowing
Bow Kyong Ye
Salute to the National Flag Kukki-Eh Dehe Kyong Ye     (Eh=Inanimate)
Salute to the Association Flag Wonki-Eh Dehe Kyong Ye
Salute to the Master Kwan Jang Nim Ke Kyong Ye   (Ke=Animate)
Salute to Chief Master Chong Kwan Jang Nim Ke Kyong Ye
Salute to the Instructor Use the appropriate rank and follow by: Kyong Ye
(ie. Jo Kyo Nim Ke Kyong Ye)
Class Begin Sooriun Shi Jak
Class End Sooriun Guht
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Body Parts
Foot Bahl
Top of Foot Bahl Deung
Ankle Bahl Mohk
Knee Moo Reup
Heel Bahl Koom Chi
Hand Sohn
Wrist Sohn Mohk
Leg Dah Rae
Shoulder Uh Kae
Elbow Pahl Koom Chi
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Korean Martial Arts Historical Terms
Open Mind Principle Kong Shin Bup Kong Shin Do = Open Mind Way
Right Spirit Juhng Shin Indomitable spirit (ie. school spirit)
Soft Technique Yu Sool
Hard Technique Kwan Sool
Hard/Soft Techniques Kwan Yu Sool Employs hard and soft disciplines
Royal Court Martial Art Koong Joong Mu Sool Contributes most weapons skills
Family or Tribal Martial Art Sado Mu Sool Contributes most band-to-hand skills
Buddhist Martial Art Bul Kyo Mu Sool Contributes breathing and Ki training
Defenders of the Nation Ho Kuk Mu Yea Ancient warriors loyal to the nation
Flowering Youth Hwa Rang Extremely skilled warrior & scholars
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Commands
Bow Kyong Ye
Kneel Chung Jah
Attention Cha Riut
Begin Shi Jak
Stop Ko Mahn
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Stances
Offensive or Left Guarding Stance Kong Kyuk Jah Se
Defensive or Right Guarding Stance Bahng Ah Jah Se
Horse Stance Kima Jah Se
Back Stance Hoe Gool Ja Se
Cat Stance Koyangi Ja Se
Walking Stance Joong Gool Jah Se
Attention Stance Cha Riut
Kneel Chung Jah
Sit Anun Sae

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Blocks
Low Block Hadahng Makki
High Block Sahngdahng Makki
Middle Block Joongdahng Makki
Side Block Yop Makki
4 Direction Block Ship Jah Makki
Double Forearm Ssahng Pahlmok Makki
Wedging Block Heecho Makki
X Block Ku Chu Makki
Knife Hand Block Sudo Makki
Mantis Block Sama Gui Makki
Inside Wrapping Block Kama Nea Soo Makki
Outside Wrapping Block Kama Ea Soo Makki
   

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Falling
Falling Principles Nak Bup
Basic Roll Kibon Nak Bup
Front Fall Ahp Nak Bup
Side Fall Yop Nak Bup
Back Fall Dee Nak Bup
Spinning (circular) Fall Haejun Nak Bup
Long Dive Heng Jo Bup
High Dive Jo Sang Bup
Cat Fall Koyangi Nak Bup
Acrobatics Koong Joong Hae Jun
Cartwheel Pooncha
One handed Cartwheel Ahn Sohn Pooncha
Elbow Cartwheel Pahl Goom Chi Pooncha
Handspring Doo Sohn Pooncha
Aerial Koong Joon Pooncha

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Striking Techniques
Striking Techniques Sooki Sool
Punch Juhng Gwan
Hammerfist Mahng Chi Ki
Palm Strike Pyung Soo
Knife Hand Sudo
Spinning Kife Hand Haejun Sudo
Ridge Hand Yuk Sudo
Backfist Gahk Gwan
Elbow Strike Pahl Goom Chi
Front/Back Strike Ahp Dee Sooki
Mantis Strike Sama Gui Gwan
Reverse Palm Strike Yuk Pyung Soo
Backhand Sohn Deung Pyung Soo
Double Palm Strike Ssahng Pyung Soo  (hands together)
Double Palm Strike Yang Pyung Soo (hands apart)
Double Knife Hand Ssahng Sudo
Tiger Claw Ho Goo Gwan
Pinky Finger Hammerfist Beak Pahl Ki Gwan
Single Finger Strike Il Ji Gwan
Double Finger Strike Ee Ji Gwan
Long Fist Sa Ji Gwan
Five Finger Strike Oh Ji Gwan
Middle Knuckle Strike Joong Ji Gwan
Consecutive Strikes Yonsok Tea Ru Ki
   

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Kicking Techniques
Kicking Techniques Johk Sool
High Rising Kick Ahp Cha Olli Ki
Knee Strike Moorup Cha Ki
Front Kick Ahp Cha Ki
Side Kick Yop Cha Ki
Inside Crescent Kick Ahn Dae Rae
Outside Crescent Kick Bahk Ahn Dae Rae
Roundhouse Kick Bahl Deung Cha Ki (top of foot front leg)
Roundhouse Kick Doo Rae Cha Ki (ball of foot rear leg)
Back Kick Dee Cha Ki
Reverse Roundhouse Yuk Bahl Deung Cha Ki
Axe Kick Jik Uh Cha Ki
Spinning Kick Dorah Cha Ki
High Spinning Kick Sadang Dorah Cha Ki
Low Spinning Kick Hadahng Dora Cha Ki
Hook Kick Bahl Goom Chi
Sweeping Kick Ahn Goom Chi
Inside Front Kick Yop Jik Ki
Stomping Kick Dwi Goom Chi Cha Ki
Consecutive Kicks Yonsok Cha Ki
Jumping Kicks Dee Uh Cha Ki
"S" Shaped Kicks Riul Cha Ki
"L" Shaped Kicks Neun Cha Ki
Off Obstacle Kicks Wohl Jang Cha Ki
Over Obstacle Kicks Jang Hae Mool Cha Ki
Cartwheel Kicks Poon Cha Cha Ki
3 Direction Kicks Sahm Bang Cho Cha Ki
2 Target Middle Kick Dee Uh Ee Joong Cha Ki
Left Right Spin Kicks Sahm Joong Cha Ki
   

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Basic Terminology
Training Hall Dojang
Training Suit Dobok
Training Suit Folding Dobok Juhng Rhee
Etiquette Yea Eue
National Flag Kukki
Association Flag Wonki
Falling Technique Nak Bub
Breathing Exercises Ki Cho Jah Ki
Hand Technique Soo
Basic Ki Cho
Elementary Cho Geup
Intermediate Joong Geup
Advanced Goh Geup
Front Ahp
Side Yuhp
Back Dee